The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) was created by the Department ofTransportation Act of 1966. It is one of ten agencies within the U.S. Department ofTransportation concerned with intermodal transportation. FRA promotes safe,environmentally sound, successful railroad transportation to meet the needs of all customers today and tomorrow.
FRA's Office of Railroad Safety promotes and regulates safety throughout the Nation's railroad industry. The office executes its regulatory and inspection responsibilities through a diverse staff of railroad safety experts.
The Federal Railroad Administration is responsible for working with stakeholders to develop cohesive goals and policies for maintaining and improving the U.S. freight and passenger rail networks. This section covers various efforts across America and the world in helping to deliver safe, reliable, and efficient rail transportation.
FRA Research & Development (R&D) projects contribute to the FRA's safety regulatory processes, to railroad suppliers, to railroads involved in the transportation of freight, intercity passengers, commuters, and to railroad employees and their labor organizations.
In this section, we provide descriptions and comprehensive, official sources for FRA's regulations (also called rules), selected legislation, as well as policy and guidance documents. Additionally, you will find current topics of high interest or significant impact to Congress, railroads, employees, labor, public interest groups and other stakeholders.
FRA supports passenger and freight railroading through a variety of competitive grant, dedicated grant, and loan programs to develop safety improvements, relieve congestion, and encourage the expansion and upgrade of passenger and freight rail infrastructure and services. FRA also provides training and technical assistance to grantees and stakeholders.
Passenger Rail Two-Car Impact Test Volume II: Summary of Occupant Protection Program
AUTHOR: Caroline VanIngen-Dunn OFFICE: RPD REPORT NUMBER: DOT/FRA/ORD/-01/22.II KEYWORDS: Transporation; safety; crashworthiness, occupant protection, passenger rail ABSTRACT: Two full-scale impact tests of rail cars fitted with seat/occupant experiments were conducted at the Federal Railroad Administration’s Transportation Technology Center located in Pueblo, Colorado. The first test was conducted on November 16, 1999, with a single rail car that was impacted against a rigid barrier at 35.1 mph. The second test, conducted on April 4, 2000, involved two rail cars coupled together impacting a rigid barrier at 26 mph. The objective of the interior tests was to determine the corresponding level of occupant safety for the impact scenarios. The cars were equipped with anthropomorphic tests devices (ATDs). The following three experiments were in the lead car: (1) forward-facing unrestrained occupants seated in rows, compartmentalized by the forward seat in order to limit the motions of the occupants; (2) forward-facing restrained occupants with lap and shoulder belts; and (3) rear-facing unrestrained occupants. The trailing car had one experiment similar to the first on in the lead car: forward-facing unrestrained occupants seated in rows, compartmentalized by the forward seat in order to limit the motions of the occupants. All the seats remained attached during the test, and all the unrestrained test dummies were compartmentalized. The connection between the seat back and seat pan for the seat with seatbelts was strengthened over the seat tested in the single car test, which helped compartmentalize the unrestrained dummies initially seated behind the seat with seatbelts.