The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) was created by the Department ofTransportation Act of 1966. It is one of ten agencies within the U.S. Department ofTransportation concerned with intermodal transportation. FRA promotes safe,environmentally sound, successful railroad transportation to meet the needs of all customers today and tomorrow.
FRA's Office of Railroad Safety promotes and regulates safety throughout the Nation's railroad industry. The office executes its regulatory and inspection responsibilities through a diverse staff of railroad safety experts.
The Federal Railroad Administration is responsible for working with stakeholders to develop cohesive goals and policies for maintaining and improving the U.S. freight and passenger rail networks. This section covers various efforts across America and the world in helping to deliver safe, reliable, and efficient rail transportation.
FRA Research & Development (R&D) projects contribute to the FRA's safety regulatory processes, to railroad suppliers, to railroads involved in the transportation of freight, intercity passengers, commuters, and to railroad employees and their labor organizations.
In this section, we provide descriptions and comprehensive, official sources for FRA's regulations (also called rules), selected legislation, as well as policy and guidance documents. Additionally, you will find current topics of high interest or significant impact to Congress, railroads, employees, labor, public interest groups and other stakeholders.
FRA supports passenger and freight railroading through a variety of competitive grant, dedicated grant, and loan programs to develop safety improvements, relieve congestion, and encourage the expansion and upgrade of passenger and freight rail infrastructure and services. FRA also provides training and technical assistance to grantees and stakeholders.
Collision Avoidance and Accident Survivability Volume II: Collision Avoidance
AUTHOR: John Harrison, et al. OFFICE: RPD REPORT NUMBER: DOT/FRA/ORD-93/02.II KEYWORDS: Transportation, safety, maglev, high-speed rail, high-speed guided ground transportation ABSTRACT: This report is the second of four volumes concerned with developing safety guidelines and specifications for high-speed guided ground
transportation (HSGGT) collision avoidance and accident survivability. The overall approach taken in this study is to first formulate collision
scenarios to which an HSGGT system may be exposed. Then existing U.S. and foreign rules, regulations, standards, and practices concerned with either preventing the occurrence of a collision, or mitigating the consequences of a collision are reviewed, together with pertinent practices from other forms of transportation, leading to the formulation of guidelines and specifications for collision avoidance and accident survivability.
The volume, addressing collision avoidance, describes the features of signal and train control systems used in existing high-speed rail,
conventional rail and mass transit systems, and other measures to prevent collisions such as prevention of right-of-way intrusions. A description is provided of the interaction between collision avoidance system characteristics and capabilities, and HSGGT system capacity and reliability. Finally, guidelines are developed for collision avoidance systems to be applied to HSGGT systems in the United States.