FRA has solicited applications for more than $10 billion in grant funding. To date, 39 states, the District of Columbia, and Amtrak have submitted applications requesting more than $75 billion—well in excess of the available funding— for projects and corridors in every region of the country. Approximately 99% of the nearly $10.1 billion allocated to the HSIPR Program across funding sources has been obligated.
Most rail investments to-date are invested in key corridors with a focus on projects offering the greatest public benefits, as well as those projects ready for implementation.
FRA has strategically invested in 5 mega-regions (Seattle-Portland, San Francisco-Los Angeles, Charlotte-Raleigh-DC, Midwest hub, and Northeast Corridor) that hold some 65 percent of our population and that stand to absorb the bulk of future population growth. FRA, in partnership with states across the U.S. and the District of Columbia, is currently laying the foundation for high-speed rail corridors to link Americans with faster and more energy-efficient travel options. The Department of Transportation is working with states to plan and develop high-speed and intercity passenger rail corridors that range from upgrades to existing services to entirely new rail lines exclusively devoted to 150 to 220 mph trains.
FRA has taken a market-based approach that reflects the differing needs and characteristics of corridors throughout the nation. This is being done through a three-tiered passenger rail strategy: