The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) was created by the Department ofTransportation Act of 1966. It is one of ten agencies within the U.S. Department ofTransportation concerned with intermodal transportation. FRA promotes safe,environmentally sound, successful railroad transportation to meet the needs of all customers today and tomorrow.
FRA's Office of Railroad Safety promotes and regulates safety throughout the Nation's railroad industry. The office executes its regulatory and inspection responsibilities through a diverse staff of railroad safety experts.
The Federal Railroad Administration is responsible for working with stakeholders to develop cohesive goals and policies for maintaining and improving the U.S. freight and passenger rail networks. This section covers various efforts across America and the world in helping to deliver safe, reliable, and efficient rail transportation.
FRA Research & Development (R&D) projects contribute to the FRA's safety regulatory processes, to railroad suppliers, to railroads involved in the transportation of freight, intercity passengers, commuters, and to railroad employees and their labor organizations.
In this section, we provide descriptions and comprehensive, official sources for FRA's regulations (also called rules), selected legislation, as well as policy and guidance documents. Additionally, you will find current topics of high interest or significant impact to Congress, railroads, employees, labor, public interest groups and other stakeholders.
FRA supports passenger and freight railroading through a variety of competitive grant, dedicated grant, and loan programs to develop safety improvements, relieve congestion, and encourage the expansion and upgrade of passenger and freight rail infrastructure and services. FRA also provides training and technical assistance to grantees and stakeholders.
AUTHOR: Marco P. daSilva OFFICE: RPD REPORT NUMBER: DOT/FRA/ORD-11/01 SUBJECT: Highway-Rail Grade Crossing Warning Systems, Highway-Rail Grade Crossings, Signal and Train Control KEYWORDS: Obstacle detection; obstacle intrusion systems; intrusion detection; alternative detection technology systems; Right-of-way; trespass detection; deterrent system; railroad; railroad bridge; security; security system; motion detectors. ABSTRACT: The U.S. Department of Transportation’s John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, under the direction of the Federal Railroad Administration, conducted a 3-year demonstration of an automated prototype railroad infrastructure security system on a railroad bridge in the town of Pittsford, NY . The main objective was to demonstrate a stand-alone, video-based trespass monitoring and deterrent system for railroad infrastructure applications using commercial off-the-shelf technology. The final report, entitled “Railroad Infrastructure Trespassing Detection Systems Research in Pittsford, New York,” details the project location, system technology and operation, system costs, results, potential benefits, and lessons learned. The results indicate this interactive system could serve as a model or prototype railroad infrastructure security system for other railroad rights-of-way or bridges deemed prone to intrusion. Additionally, the authors’ recommendation to develop performance guidelines for this type of system is contained in this document.