Technical Reports

Mechanical Properties of AAR M128-69-B Steel Plate Samples Taken From Insulated Fire-tested Tank Car RAX 202

  • 01
  • Jun
  • 1976
AUTHOR: Early
OFFICE: RPD
REPORT NUMBER: DOT/FRA/ORD-76/74
SUBJECT: Hazardous Materials
ABSTRACT: Studies were undertaken to measure the elevated-temperature mechanical properties and to determine the elevated-temperature fracture behavior of selected AAR M128-B steel plates. In addition, the ambient-temperature mechanical properties were measured to determine if the requirements of specification AAR M128-69B were satisfied. The NBS results of check chemical analyses, hardness surveys, thickness measurements, macroscopic observations, and metallographic analyses of the plate samples had been reported previously. The results of ambient-temperature tensile tests showed that all plate samples met the strength and tensile ductility as the test temperature was increased from 1100 F to 1250 F. An analysis of stress-rupture data for specimens from all plate samples in the same temperature range indicated that a straight line in a log-log plot of initial stress versus rupture life reasonably represented the data at each test temperature. In the temperature and stress range studied, a decrease in the initial stress of about 20 to 30 percent resulted in a twelvefold increase in rupture life from 15 minutes to three hours. A comparison of the results of the metallographic analysis of hot-tensile and representative stress-rupture specimens with the previously reported metallographic results on the initial rupture site in the failed shell course indicate the presence of the identical fracture mode. This mode is characterized by many inter-granular voids which originate primarily at the proeutectoid ferrite-pearlite boundaries. These results confirm the previously reported finding that the initial rupture of the tank car was a stress-rupture crack.
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