Technical Reports

Environmental Externalities and Social Costs of Transportation Systems- Measurement, Mitigation and Costing: An Annotated Bibliography

  • 01
  • Aug
  • 1993
ABSTRACT: There is increasing interest in how the full costs of environmental and social impacts can be weighed in the decision-making process. To allow planners, policy makers, legislators, and othe rinterested parties to make better informed decisions about modal choices, more and better information is needed about measurement of environmental impacts, mitigation strategies and approaches to pricing transportation operations to take better account of environmental impacts. The purpose of this annotated bibliography is to help address this problem. The bibliography is accompanied by two charts identifying environmental and social effects if implementing various transportation systems, as well as potential mitigation measures, and costing/pricing strategies that could reduce these effects. These strategies, identified from the literature, have not been independently analyzed or evaluated, and some are mutually exclusive. The bibliography is organized according to the framework of the charts and summarizes a number of recent publications/papers/articles that address measuring, mitigating, and costing transportation's environmental social impacts. The bibliography does not address the other factors important in planning transportation systems, such as economic growth and development and user benefits, which also must be weighed and balanced in the evaluation process.
Pdf Download PDF Document [11.2 MB]