Technical Reports

Methodology for Computing Public Benefits of Diverting Passenger Trips from Conventional Modes to HSGT Modes of Travel

  • 01
  • May
  • 1996
AUTHOR: Donald M. Rote, Zian Wang, Anant Vyas
OFFICE: RPD
REPORT NUMBER:
SUBJECT: Environmental Protection
ABSTRACT: In 1995 the Federal Railroad Administration conducted a Commercial Feasibility Study (CFS) of new high speed ground transportation (HSGT) intercity modes. The HSGT modes included guided ground transportation technologies ranging from existing steel-wheel-on-rail fossil-fueled systems in the U.S. to a proposed 300-mph maglev system. A large number of possible U.S. transportation corridors were addressed for the period 2000 to 2040. In support of that study, a methodology was developed at Argonne National Laboratory's Center for Transportation Research (CTR) to estimate and compare energy and petroleum use, and emissions and their monetary values for future scenarios with and without the new HSFT modes. To aid in the computations of the quantities of interest, a computer code was developed and made available for use by FRA's staff and supporting contractors. The methodology is described in the body of this report and the associated computer code is outlined in Appendix A. A listing of the computer code is given in Appendix B. The computer code called "SEPEC" calculates the following quantities for each city pair comprising a transportation corridor: 1) energy and petroleum use for each intercity mode and the corresponding access/egress modes. These calculations are performed with and without the new HSGT mode included in the intercity modal mix; 2) amounts of pollutant emissions for each intercity mode and the corresponding access/egress modes. These calculations are performed with and without the new HSFT mode included in the intercity modal mix; 3) total monetary value of the emissions of each pollutant. It then sums the quantities for all city pairs in the corridor and calculates the differences with and without the new HSGT modes, i.e. the after case minus the before case. It also calculates the present values of the emission control cost savings for each pollutant based on the reference years 1995 and 2000.

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