Technical Reports

State-of-the-Art Review: Prediction and Control of Groundborne Noise and Vibration from Rail Transit Trains

  • 01
  • Dec
  • 1983
AUTHOR: James T. Nelson, Hugh J. Saurenman
SUBJECT: Locomotive Standards (Safety & Noise), Evaluation
KEYWORDS: Urban Rail Transit Systems, Building Vibration, Vibration Criteria, Vibration Measurement
ABSTRACT: This report provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art in the prediction and control of groundborne noise and vibration. Various types of impact criteria are reviewed for groundborne noise and vibration, building damage, and soil settlement. Vibration measurement and evaluation techniques are reviewed. Techniques which have been used by rail transit systems to control groundborne noise and vibration are discussed. These techniques include wheel and rail maintenance, track support system design, floating slabs, resilient wheels, tunnel wall thickness, trenches, and building isolation. Several procedures that have been used to predict groundborne noise and vibration are outlined. Finally, mathematical models are discussed which have been or could be used to analyze rail fasteners, resiliently supported ties, floating slabs, tracks, subway/soil interaction and radiation from the subway structure, vibration propagation, and attenuation in the soil, and building response to groundborne vibration.
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