Other Reports

Appendix A: Health Risk Assessment and Risk Management for Sewage Disposal from Amtrak Trains; Appendix B: Manufacturers' Technical Brochures

  • 01
  • Jan
  • 1990
AUTHOR: Arthur D. Little
SUBJECT: Industrial Hygiene, Passenger Rail
KEYWORDS: Hazardous Materials, Risk Analysis, Waste Stations
ABSTRACT: Amtrak collects human waste from on-board toilet facilities in holding tanks which are emptied at waste stations into municipal sewage systems. Employees who transfer the waste material, may be exposed to infectious agents or other harmful material. Therefore, it is appropriate to characterize the nature and degree of risk and to recommend appropriate protective measures. The following discussion is an assessment of the risks posed by the waste handling operations. The structure of the discussion is divided into four sections: hazard identification, hazard assessment, exposure assessment, and risk characterization. This risk assessment is followed by a discussion of risk management, focusing on prevention of exposure and its adverse consequences.